St. John Paul II’s devotion to divine mercy

Catholic News Service

Original 1934 painting of the Divine Mercy by Eugeniusz Kazimirowski.
Wikiimedia Commons photo

Editor’s note: Considered a mystic, St. Faustina Kowalska spread the message of divine mercy in her personal journal called "Divine Mercy in My Soul." Divine Mercy Sunday is celebrated the first Sunday after Easter. As the popularity of the day has grown, more churches are using the day to remind parishioners about the power of mercy, confession and forgiveness. St. Faustina's message reverberated in St. John Paul II's heart. During the homily for her canonization on April 30, 2000, the pope declared Divine Mercy Sunday to be celebrated worldwide. The Message is happy to share stories about the Divine Mercy devotion.

In this black and white CNS file photo, St. John Paul II holds hands with St. Teresa of Kolkata after visiting Mother Teresa's home for the destitute and dying in 1986 in India.
CNS photo by Luciano Mellace, Reuters

There are many notable things about the life and papacy of St. John Paul II, but the most notable is his devotion to divine mercy. In 1980, he wrote an entire encyclical on it, "Dives in Misericordia" ("Rich in Mercy"), in which he outlines the truth and meaning of mercy from biblical times to the present and beyond.

In it, he states mankind's mission of mercy. "The church must profess and proclaim God's mercy in all its truth, as it has been handed down to us by revelation," he wrote. He took this task upon himself becoming for many the champion of divine mercy.

Not surprisingly, he seemed to have found in St. Faustina Kowalska a kindred spirit. She was a humble, uneducated and holy nun of the Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy in Poland who received extraordinary revelations of Our Lord. Jesus instructed Faustina to record his messages of God's divine mercy. She did and compiled them into a diary.

Faustina's message reverberated in John Paul II's heart, as he demonstrated in his homily at her canonization on April 30, 2000.

"And you, Faustina, a gift of God to our time, a gift from the land of Poland to the whole church, obtain for us an awareness of the depth of divine mercy; help us to have a living experience of it and to bear witness to it among our brothers and sisters.

In this CNS file photo, St. Pope John Paul II blesses the crowd at Giants Stadium in East Rutherford, N.J., on Oct. 5, 1995.
CNS photo by Michael Okoniewski

"May your message of light and hope spread throughout the world, spurring sinners to conversion, calming rivalries and hatred and opening individuals and nations to the practice of brotherhood.

"Today, fixing our gaze with you on the face of the risen Christ, let us make our own your prayer of trusting abandonment and say with firm hope: Christ Jesus, I trust in you! 'Jezu, ufam tobie!'" he said.

At the same time, John Paul II declared Divine Mercy Sunday to be celebrated worldwide on the Sunday after Easter.

In 2002, the apostolic penitentiary of the Holy See issued a decree granting a plenary indulgence to those who comply with all the established conditions (confession, Communion and praying for the pope's intentions) and a partial indulgence to those who incompletely fulfill the conditions.

This was in accordance with Jesus' own wishes as told to Faustina. Together, these two papal acts are the highest endorsement the church can give to a private revelation.

In his 2001 homily on Divine Mercy Sunday, John Paul II pointed to the revelations of Faustina as "the appropriate and incisive answer that God wanted to offer to the questions and expectations of human beings in our time, marked by terrible tragedies. ... Divine Mercy! This is the Easter gift that the church receives from the risen Christ and offers to humanity at the dawn of the third millennium."

His confidence in divine mercy never waived. Throughout his life, he not only promoted it, but he personified it. As if to crown his work, providence saw to it that John Paul II died on the eve of Divine Mercy Sunday 2005. He was canonized on April 27, 2014.

Fenelon is a freelance writer from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Her website is